A Short Overview of the Difference Between Language and Linguistics

A Short Overview of the Difference Between Language and Linguistics

Document details
Category: Linguistics Essay
Subcategory: Science of Language
Words: 779
Pages: 3

What is language?Every people in the world know at least one language, their mother tongue. With the help of language we can express ourselves, our thoughts and we can communicate with others. There are several rules about how to use a language or how to produce a sentence, dictionaries contain words from languages but knowing words does not mean that we know the language. Some questions arise from this. What is language? What is linguistics?According to myths and religions, the language is the source of human power and that language makes us human. This is what distinguishes us from animals. If you know a language, you can talk to others and you can understand them. But language is not just the capacity of talking or making speeches. Deaf people also use their own languages and they understand each other without making sounds. These languages are fully developed languages in which they use hand, body and facial gestures and these languages are equal to spoken languages. The fact that deaf people can use languages is the evidence for the ability of language acquisition which have every people from their birth. That ability is the property of human being. In most cases people use speech sounds to express meanings but this is not a necessary aspect of a language, for example sign languages. If we look at the animals they also use sounds to express themselves, squeaking of dolphins or the chirping of birds is similar to human language but their communication system is not like humans. We can think that the difference is the lack of speech but it is more than this. Parrots have the ability to imitate words or sentences what people said but that does not mean that the parrot knows the meaning of the expressions. It just has the ability to reproduce words and sentences but cannot relate meanings to them. Language is a system that relates sounds or gestures...

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