A Study of Frequency Patterns for Mild Traumatic Brain Injuries (MTBI) in Most Common High School Sports

A Study of Frequency Patterns for Mild Traumatic Brain Injuries (MTBI) in Most Common High School Sports

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Category: Healthcare and Medicine Essay
Subcategory: Film and Movies
Words: 431
Pages: 1

The Study The purpose of this study by John W. Powell, assistant professor in the Department of Kinesiology, and Kim D. Barber-Foss of Med Sports Systems was to examine the frequency patterns for mildtraumatic brain injuries (MTBI) associated with participation in10 high school sports football, boys and girls basketball, boys and girls soccer, wrestling, field hockey, baseball, softball and girls volleyball. The study used data from the National Athletic Trainers Association (NATA) injury surveillance program, which was designed to study the impact that sport-related risk factors have on the incidence of injuries among high school varsity athletes. The subjects in the study were athletes who were included as participants on the varsity sports rosters at the schools in the study. The NATA certified athletic trainers recorded data from 236 high schools during three-year study. A reportable mild traumatic brain injury in the study was identified by the certified athletic trainers when it required the cessation of a player's participation for initial observation and evaluation of the injury signs and symptoms before returning to play, either in the current or a subsequent game or match. The Findings The NATA study collected data for 23,566 reportable injuries in three years, of which 1,291 (5.5) were MTBI. The injury rates per 100 player-seasons for each sport are 3.66 for football, 1.58 for wrestling, 1.14 for girls' soccer, 0.92 for boys' soccer, 1.04 for girls' basketball, 0.75 for boys' basketball, softball, 0.46, baseball 0.23, field hockey 0.46 and volleyball 0.14. Among the MTBI cases, 76.1 percent missed less than 8 days with a median time lost for all MTBI of 3 days. MTBI rates were higher in a game than in a practice for all sports except volleyball. From this study, the rates of MTBI vary among sport and no sport is without the occurrence of an MTBI. The prevention of a MTBI, given its close association with a variety of different types of collisions,...

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