The State of the Juvenile Justice System in the USA

The State of the Juvenile Justice System in the USA

Document details
Category: Legal Studies and Law Essay
Subcategory: Law and Society
Words: 862
Pages: 2

Originally, the juvenile court was thought of as a social service organization that dealt with protecting and solving the problems of children in trouble. The primary role of the juvenile court was not to establish guilt but rather to rehabilitate youthful offenders by eliminating the problem causing the juvenile to engage in delinquent behavior. Emphasis was placed on rehabilitation, attention and education and these beliefs became the basis of what is known as the juvenile justice system. The juvenile justice system wants to keep citizens safe and rehabilitate delinquent youth and increase the competency of the juvenile offender and mold them into law abiding, tax paying citizens. Meeting these responsibilities has been the goal of the system since it was first implemented. However, the juvenile justice system had a dramatic change in the early 1990s. Serious juvenile crimes were on the rise at an alarming rate. Youth arrests under the age of 18 for murder and negligent homicide increased 92.7 (Bureau of Justice Statistics), from 1279 to 2465 robberies increased 12.1, from 29892 to 33,510 aggravated assault increased by 71.7, from 27,376 to 47,013. This led to a push for transforming the juvenile court to a criminal court. The past two decades have reversed the thought of rehabilitating juveniles to that of punishment for juvenile delinquents. The juvenile justice system applies criminal law to persons not old enough to be held responsible for criminal acts. The age for criminal culpability is usually 18. The goal of the juvenile justice system is still to rehabilitate, but if juveniles commit serious enough crimes they can be transferred into adult court if juvenile court waives or relinquishes jurisdiction. The characteristics of the modern juvenile court have evolved over many decades. Legal reforms such as rulings of the U.S. Supreme Court (Kent v. United States 1966), and acts of Congress (the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974) and many other changes, were not consistent in how...

“A good sample is better than the advice"
Hire EliteEssayWriters to Write Your Assignment!
similar examples
The Rise of Juvenile Delinquency and the Flaws of the Juvenile Justice System
1949 words
6 pages
A main change that has occurred in the world is an increased of juvenile delinquency. The term juvenile delinquency can refer to those offenders aged between ten and sixteen years (Queensland Police Service, 83). Australia state governments are responsible for dealing with young offenders. Juvenile justice system is responsible for ...
The Flaws in the Juvenile Justice System in the State of Massachusetts
3148 words
4 pages
Law Juvenile Justice Reform Massachusetts Juvenile Justice Reform A Step in the Wrong Direction Juvenile Justice THESIS STATEMENT The Great and General Court of Massachusetts has erred in reforming the juvenile justice system by implementing policies and procedures that will harm juveniles and place society at risk. On July 23, ...
A History of the Juvenile Justice System in the United States
707 words
1 pages
The juvenile justice system was created in the late 1800s and was designated to punish youth offenders (History of Americas juvenile justice system, 2008). The early juvenile court system had distinctive procedures, namely a)Diminished criminal responsibility of juveniles, explained as lack of their physical and mental maturity, which brought presumption ...
An Analysis of the Juvenile Justice System’s Court Process in the States of New Jersey and California
1702 words
2 pages
The juvenile justice system is a foundation in society that is granted certain powers and responsibilities. It faces several different tasks, among the most important is maintaining order and preserving constitutional rights. When a juvenile is arrested and charged with committing a crime there are many different factors that will ...
A Research on the Juvenile Case Managers in the Juvenile Justice System
1961 words
5 pages
The following paper was written with the intent to give an accurate description of the duties performed by Juvenile Case Managers in the Juvenile Justice System. Through my research on the subject matter and an interview with a Juvenile Case Manager Supervisor, I hope to have attained enough credibility to ...
The Softness of the Juvenile Justice System in the United States
1009 words
2 pages
The Juvenile Justice System is not harsh enough... Did you know that juveniles accounted for almost half the arrests for serious crimes in the United States in 1974 and for less than one-third in 1983? Did you know that recent trends show an increase in arrests of adolescents for murder, ...
GET EVEN A BETTER ESSAY!
It's a lifetime discount time!
15% off
Save this discount code:
15OFFJUST4U