An Experiment to Observe the Perception of Words by Individuals in Their Mental Lexicon

An Experiment to Observe the Perception of Words by Individuals in Their Mental Lexicon

Document details
Category: Linguistics Essay
Subcategory: Science of Language
Words: 1491
Pages: 8

IntroductionThe purpose of conducting this experiment on word recognition was to observe how individuals perceive words in their mental lexicon. Moreover, another reasoning for this study was to see if participants would form speech errors in the words presented in front of them. The experiment was first conducted by Van Orden, Pennington, and Stone (1990) as well as Jared and Seidenberg (1981). It was made apparent that the subjects that were tested on in the experiment, made more speech errors in words that were similar in sound, to other words that were in a different syntactic category. Furthermore, this linguistic study examined how humans can access their mental lexicon during a reading task. The number of pauses that occurred during the experiment were thoroughly noted between each response. Overall, it was examined how phonological processing in word recognition plays a role in this experiment and human life as a whole. MethodSubjectsOne female aged eighteen and one male aged nineteen were both asked to anonymously participate in this experiment on separate occasions so that their results would not interfere with one another. Both participants were native speakers of English, attending Brock University in Canada, in their first year of academic study.MaterialsTwo lists of words were presented each containing 10 words, which were written on stacks of stock card paper. These words were typed into Microsoft Word 2016 with a font size of 48, bold, Times New Roman. ProcedureParticipants were instructed to read aloud a set of words which were written on a deck of index cards, each deck of cards contained ten words forming a total of twenty word cards. The first deck of index cards (List A) contained the words prince, noun, seller, prophet, flex, fowl, trod, whack, pigeon and knife. The second deck of index cards (List B) included the words prince, none, seller, prophet, flee, fowl, towed, wail, pigeon, and night. The words were written within this exact pattern onto the deck of...

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