Early Childhood Development

Document details
Category: Anthropology Essay
Subcategory: Evolution and Human Origin
Words: 1118
Pages: 4

During early childhood children especially during the age of five experience many physical changes. For instance, their brain is mately 90 percent of adult weight. However, wide individual differ. Two normal healthy children of the same age can have as much a 50 percent differences in brain volume. On the other hand, boys and girl are different on their physical appearances. For example, Boys are usually slightly taller, heavier and have more muscle per pound of body weight. Also, during the age of five typically weight around 40 pounds and measure 43 inches tall. Girls during the age of five weight about 40 pounds and measure about 42.5 inches tall. During early childhood muscular and skeletal growth progresses making children stronger. Cartilage turns into bone at a faster rate than before, and bones become harder which gives the child a firmer shape that protects the internal organs. At the age of five gross motor skills start to improve. For example, children can start, turn, and stop effectively in games. Also, they can make a running jump of 28 to 36 inches. In addition, children can descend a long stairway unaided alternating feet and they can easily hop a distance of 16 feet. In early childhood cognitive development is described by Jean Piaget as the preoperational stage. In this stage it lasts from approximately ages of two to seven. During the preoperational stage children use smbolic functions which is the ability to use mental representations such as words, numbers or images to attach meaning. Symbols make children remember and think about things that are not physically present. By age five, most children can count to 20 or more and know the relative sizes of the numbers one through ten. Because children are starting to think on their own they begin to devise strategies for adding by counting on their fingers or by using other objects. Also, children in early childhood beginning...

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