Increased economic development in Asian cities leads to the massive increase of population growth as results from a rapid and unplanned urbanization (Hopke et al, 2008). Dahiya (2012) presents on her article that urban population in Asia already reached the numbers of 1.65 billion people in 2010, or equal with ... Read More
Chronic Air Pollution and Rising Temperatures in ChinaThe lucky thing about living in the mid-west is the luxury of having four unique seasons. But I think its safe to say that the winter season has been almost completely absent this year, masking itself as a very prolonged fall season. While ... Read More
When I got on the BX 12 Select Bus Service, I overheard the driver on Fordham Road state, I do not know what I am breathing, but I do know that it is toxic. I agreed with the bus drivers statement. The Fordham Road community is near the South Bronx, ... Read More
Air pollution causes over 5 million premature deaths each year,according to research conducted by the Global Burden of Disease project.The negative health consequences of breathing in high levels of fineparticles in the air has been well-documented. Air pollution has beenlinked due increased risk of heart disease, respiratory illnesses, andcancer. In ... Read More
The Customary International Law and Transboundary Air Pollution Law is the United Nations response to the outgrowing issue of air contamination. This law regulates the emission of carbon and air pollutants of highly industrialized country, particularly in Europe. This includes a transboundary regulation that air pollution is not a countrys ... Read More
With the continuous exposure to air pollution, India is facing problems to a greater extent than ever. The air of Indias capital has turned into poison and set in motion a major public health disaster in the making. While this city may not be the worst the world has, or ... Read More
Air pollution is a major issue in many places around the world. As cities become more industrialized, air pollution becomes a more important issue. Long-term exposure to air pollution is correlated with lung cancer and other negative health conditions (Pope et al., 2002). The issue is not something new. In ... Read More
INTRODUCTIONClean air is the foremost requirement to sustain healthy lives of humankind and those supporting ecosystems which in return affect the human being. The air is composed of 99.9 of nitrogen, oxygen, water vapor and inert gases. Humans are dependent to air. We breathe about 35 lbs. of air per ... Read More
Volkswagen Emissions Scandal In September 2015, the publicly owned automobile manufacturer Volkswagen was found in violation of the Clean Air Act by the United States Environment Protection Agency. Volkswagen, is being investigated for manipulating data in order to cover up their lack of economic efficiency. Many VW cars being sold ... Read More
SustainabilityA landfill can be defined as a structure that is designed carefully and is built on top or on the ground whose primary purpose is to separate trash from the area that surrounds it. The landfills generally contain garbage, and they serve to prevent any form of contamination that may ... Read More
Urbanization typically has negative effects on natural parks, and nature in general, with trees and sometimes even entire forests being cut down to have houses and buildings built.The world is becoming more urbanized as time goes by, and the majority of people in the world today are urban residents now.Since ... Read More
Respiratory Damages and Air Pollution in The U.S. and ChinaThe respiratory system is a series of organs responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide (www.livescience.com, 2016). Out of all the organs, the main organs used are the lungs. The lungs are the breathing center, regulating the air that ... Read More
IntroductionA long journey starts with a single step. What started four years ago as a journey to prosperity has achieved its mark? How did it go that fast? It appears to me like it was just yesterday when the high school journey was starting. Youve had to wake up at ... Read More
The main sources of air pollution in India and elsewhere are mineral dustand gases, automobiles, thermal power plants and industries. Anycontamination in the air may not only cause many diseases and loss ofvision but can also disturb the whole atmospheric system. Air pollution canalso cause acid rain which damages soil, ... Read More
Increased PollutionIn the last three decades Pollution has become a big issue for the world and requires increased attention from all stakeholders. There are several types of pollution and there is need for sensitization in order to try to avoid or minimize the effects of such pollution. Any form of ... Read More
Environmental issues pertain to the entire world and every single person in it. Air pollution is one of the top most important environmental issues that involves everyone in regards to health and the environment around them. Air pollution has brought upon various studies and research to determine what it is, ... Read More
For decades, the worldwide facing air pollution problems. Must identify the sources of air pollution and their effects must be faced with effective control to have a clean air.Anything people do that involves burning things will cause air pollution. For example, Power Plants, Automobile Exhausts, and Factories, and those produce ... Read More
Research on Air Pollution by Epidemiological Approach This report will discuss the statistics and the state of air pollution in the city of Los Angeles and its effects on people. Air Pollution fundamentally means the release of gases, chemicals, particulate and biological matter in air which causes ecological imbalance and ... Read More
Chinas Air Pollution Blamed for 8-year-olds Lung CancerIf you look at pictures of China today, you will notice a heavy fog around the busiest cities, like Harbin, Beijing, and Jilin. However, this is not fog, the thick gray matter is actually smog, and the air quality is getting worse. One ... Read More
Solutions For Air Pollution Caused By Traffic Jams Atmospheric pollution is called one of the greatest environmental dangers oftoday s industrialized world and traffic jams are a major air pollutant factor causedby a tremendous amount of gasoline engines (Dolan 4). From dawn until dusk, thesound of gentle people is lost ... Read More
INTRODUCTION Air Pollution, addition of harmful substances to the atmosphere resulting in damage to the environment, human health, and quality of life. One of many forms of pollution, air pollution occurs inside homes, schools, and offices in cities across continents and even globally. Air pollution makes people sick it causes ... Read More
EnvironmentDeath of a Planet Air pollution is a very big problem in the United States. A large part of air pollution comes from cars. The Environmental Protection Agency says, "The most polluting activity an average person does everyday is drive their car"(1 factsheet OMS-5). Most people probably aren't aware that ... Read More
Air pollution is a very big problem in the United States. A large part of air pollution comes from cars. The Environmental Protection Agency says, "The most polluting activity an average person does everyday is drive their car . Most people probably aren't aware that they are polluting the environment. ... Read More
The Problems of Air PollutionProblemWhat causes pollution? What can we do to prevent it, and get rid of it? Is it fair to the children of the future to have to suffer the consequences that pollution causes? Why not take care of the problem now? Factory and business owners have ... Read More
Environment quality research and development-Air PollutionA hundred years ago, a book about air pollution would have attracted very few readers. Those that did read it would have felt that it was just about as important as a book about air traffic control, abortion, or pill. Today when the word pollution ... Read More
Air Pollution is addition of harmful substances to the atmosphere resulting in damage to the environment, human health, and quality of life. One of many forms of pollution, air pollution occurs inside homes, schools, and offices in cities across continents and even globally. Air pollution makes people sick, it causes ... Read More
Executive Summary An evaluation of the implications of environmental air pollution on human life and the macro, meso and micro level steps being taken to change the current status of air pollution is the purpose of this site. The method of analysis used involved researching the actual hazards of air ... Read More
AIR POLLUTIONSome causes of air pollution are Smog, Acid Rain and Nuclear Problems. Smog is a word that discribes a mixture of smoke and fog. In some places you are advised to stay indoors when smog is bad. One of these places is Mexico City in Mexico. It has some ... Read More
Air PollutionAccording to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, driving a car is the single most polluting thing that most of us do. This is not a new problem. In the 1950s the Los Angeles smog made head-line news. Car exhaust causes health problems. There are many solutions to the ... Read More
ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTIONOur environment is affected by our daily actions. The earth is plagued with land, air and water pollution. Some of the problems we face on earth are deforestation, nuclear waste, acid rain, global warming, overpopulation and some animals are endangered. Air pollution has many different sources. Power-generated plants, oil ... Read More
The primary challenge for humanity is environmental pollution. It cuts across all sectors, affecting everyone and its results cause massive fatalities. The leading cause of environmental pollution is air pollution. It is the release of large numbers of substances, minute particles, harmful particulates and biological materials into the atmosphere. The various human activities and natural causes lead to the discharge of these materials. Air pollution causes many diseases in humans, animals, and crops in the field. This pollution destabilizes the normal co-existence of the various species in the environmental habitat and may even lead to an extinction of species. Research carried out by WHO in 2012 found that seven million people worldwide died out of the consequences of air pollution. The number of those affected brought a significant public outcry and called for urgent measures to curb it. The decrease in air pollution can save many lives. The theme of possible ways of taming air pollution and implementation of preventive mechanisms to downplay its negativities is ongoing through roundtable discussions.
Effects on Health
Significant health hazards are closely linked in regions experiencing landscape pollution of air. These health complications are heart problems, breathing difficulties, cancer of the lungs, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and acute respiratory distress syndromes. Stroke and ischemic heart disease are the leading causes of death resulting from air pollution.
Research done in the recent years has documented similar trends of a close relationship between high levels of air pollution and increasing numbers of those affected by cardiovascular problems. Studies done in urban areas indicate the same health problems in most people with reduced levels of lung functions, emphysema, chronic bronchitis and increased levels of mucus production. Increase in cancers especially lung cancer is closely linked with air pollution according to the studies done. PM2.5 causes high mortality rates of lung cancer and cardiovascular problems. These are small particulates that accumulate over time to people inhaling air containing PM2.5. These people spent most their time exposed to this environment. Danish Environmental Research Institute has reported evidence relating other types of cancers including cervical and brain cancer to air pollution other than lung cancer. Central Nervous System problems have also been found to be caused by polluted air. There are levels of disorders like autism spectrum and schizophrenia in children exposed early to high levels of contaminated air.
Countries experiencing the highest mortality rates in the world due to air pollution are those located in average income areas in the Western Pacific Regions and South East Asia. These countries have the highest levels of contaminated air. WHO indicates 3.3 million and 2.6 million deaths annually from indoor and outdoor environments respectively due to polluted air. India is the most polluted country in the world. It records the highest levels of contaminated air leading to high numbers of death from asthma. Apart from India, China is the second most polluted country in the world. According to WHO, more than 500,000 deaths were recorded in 2014 in China from the adverse effects of air pollution. The European Commission statistics has indicated the reduction of life expectancy by more than nine months in European Union countries caused by polluted air. Italy and Benelux are some of these countries that are hardest hit by this situation.
Children below the ages of five years in developing countries and pregnant women are the most affected population group in the world. The complications in pregnant women are due to severe effects caused to the fetus by even little exposure to air pollution. Studies done by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg revealed that exposure of pregnant women to contaminated air results in pregnancy-related problems and permanent effects on the unborn child. The fetus, especially during the first trimester, is very reactive to environmental risk factors.
The studies also found a close correlation between increased inflammation in the intrauterine life and long duration of exposure to contaminated air by pregnant women. These cause preterm births and health complications associated with it. Pregnant women living in regions of contaminated air are twice as much likely to experience intrauterine inflammation than pregnant women residing in areas with controlled air levels. John Hopkins School Researchers detected two decades ago a very reliable signal between high levels of polluted air and increased numbers of preterm births. In recent years, contrary to the studies done long ago, it has been found to be caused by even little exposure to air contaminants.
Effects on the Environment
Apart from health hazard effects, agriculture and weather are also affected in equal measure by air pollution. It destabilizes the typical climate patterns, destroying crops and ruining the texture and fertility of the soil. Polluted air causes reduced harvests in the fields due to crop malnutrition and death of the planted crops. The origin of these unpleasant plant outcomes is due to increased toxic substances in the soil including ammonium, carbon intoxication and free oxidizing radicals. Increased carbon intoxication and destruction of ozone layer caused an abrupt decline in crop production in India. Indians saw their crop production reduce by half in 2010 compared to 1980. Farmers ought to be educated on the real cause of these adverse outcomes and advised not to use pesticides as they are not the leading cause of this decline. The primary link is contaminated air and not pest invasion.
Environmental strategists and activists' groups in the recent years have confessed to air pollution as their first concern. It is the consistent release of dangerous and toxic substances into the earth's atmosphere. This pollution causes severe fatalities to unborn babies, the health of animals and agricultural production. The health complications caused by air populations are lung cancer, cervical cancer and brain cancer, breathing problems, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, cardiovascular complications and acute respiratory distress syndrome.
The adverse effects on the central nervous system include autism disorders and schizophrenia. The highest number of deaths from dirty air results from lung cancer, pneumonia, and heart complications. Regions most affected in the world are those facing economic challenges including both low- and middle-income economies. They are the South-East Asia and Western Pacific regions. India is the most catastrophic stricken country in the world by air pollution. Pregnant women are the most affected population groups in the world. Children below the ages of 5 years in developing countries are also profoundly affected.
Every country in the world needs to take into consideration the severe global threat brought by air pollution. It is the responsibility of everyone to take care of the environment and keep the air pure. WHO has to come up with comprehensive programs that seek to safeguard and reduce the levels of air pollution.