How to Write a Good Abortion Essay Guide: Tips and Example
First things first, it’s important to know how abortion is defined before talking about the controversies that surround this subject. For instance, in the Oxford Dictionary, abortion is defined as “The deliberate termination of a human pregnancy, most often performed during the first 28 weeks of pregnancy.” This procedure implies that the embryo or fetus is expelled from the uterus before reaching maturity and being ready for birth.
Worth mentioning is that abortion doesn’t always occur purposely due to medical procedures, as it can also happen out of a sudden, due to certain complications. Thus, it can be stated that there are two different forms of abortion:
- The purposeful one, which is an induced procedure
- The spontaneous one, which is also known as a miscarriage
When they think or refer to abortion, most people think of the induced form, and this is actually the type of abortion that has attracted controversy during the past decades.
There are many developed countries around the world where induced abortion is allowed by the law and it’s considered the safest medical procedure women can resort to. Of course, each country has it’s own way of interpreting the laws regarding abortion, which is why before going to the doctor and asking for this medical procedure, women should consult the local laws and ensure they know their rights.
In the US for instance, induced abortion is one of the most common practices in hospitals. Studies have shown that nearly one in two women confirm that they have resorted to induced abortion to terminate a pregnancy at least once in their life. Some studies go even further and determines the types of women that choose to terminate their pregnancies and most of them are either very young or over 40s, white, poor or unmarried. Unfortunately, there are also many cases in which these abortions are not performed by trained personnel or inside the medical profession, which automatically puts the life of those women in great danger.
Abortion around the world
Abortion is performed in numerous countries around the world and it is still considered one of the most commonly performed medical procedures. In the US for example, The Supreme Court decided back in 1973 through the decision entitled Roe v Wade, to ratify the legalization of abortion, thus trying to make this medical procedure much safer. But even so, abortions are still among the riskiest procedures, not to mention that nearly 80 thousand maternal deaths and more than 6 million disabilities occur annually due to this medical procedure.
In the US, there are between 20 and 30 million induced abortions performed each year and half of them are performed in unsafe environment and manner, according to some studies. For this reason, nearly 15% of these unsafe abortions have led to deceases due to the various severe complications that occur afterwards. The increasing number of illegal abortions still worries the authorities, who in the past decades, have tried so hard to fight against this procedure and launched a series of programs and workshops to educate people with respect to the range of contraceptive methods available out there.
The Roe v Wade abortion case that made history
Things started to change in the US back in 1970, when an unmarried woman called Norma McCorvey, better known under the pseudonym Jane Roe, decided to initiate federal actions against the Supreme Court. She was 21 and she remained pregnant with her third child. She wanted to terminate her pregnancy, but the Texas law regarding abortion was clear – it was an illegal procedure. She was advised by her friends to state that she was raped, because according to some, there was some exception to the Texas’ abortion law that allowed women who have been victims of rape or incest to opt for abortion. Later on, she admitted that was a fabrication and she even gave birth to that child, who she gave up to adoption. But even so, she continued with the process of proving that the criminal abortion legislation in Texas was unconstitutional.
Initially, she looked for a safe clinical environment to terminate her pregnancy, but she was unable to obtain that right due to the fact that she couldn’t prove that pregnancy was putting her life in danger in any way, as it was the Texas law back then. Although there were other states in the US where abortion was under legal law, she stated she didn’t have the financial resources to travel and have her pregnancy terminated. Thus, she chose to demonstrate instead that the Texas statute was both vague and unconstitutional and that contravened her right to privacy. The right of privacy was then guaranteed by several Amendments.
Jane Roe’s attorney had several strong arguments with which they won the case and proved that the Supreme Court was wrong and couldn’t deprive women’s rights to privacy. The idea that women were forced to have babies when they didn’t want to was wrong. A pregnancy can be a blessing only if it’s planned ahead by both partners or if they accept it later on, otherwise it’s considered a forced pregnancy and it is seen as any other form of bodily invasion. Since the constitution can’t force any American citizen to agree on donating their organs to others in case of unfortunate events, the same way a woman can’t be forced to remain pregnant. Due to these arguments, the Supreme Court stated that Roe was right and admitted that she had her privacy rights violated. This decision of the Supreme Court caused numerous controversies back then and it still continues to do so even today. While there are many women stating that this has freed them from fear, ill health, threat of injury and dependency, there are still some that believe abortion should have remained illegal and been severely punished by the laws.
Abortion – is it a social issue or not?
Social issues are aspects of the society that people are concerned about and that they would like them (those aspects) changed. A social issue is supposed to have two main components: The objective condition – it’s the aspect that can be measured. For instance, in case of abortion, this objective condition implies the legality or illegality of abortion, who is entitled to obtain it and the conditions under which performing it is considered a safe practice.
The subjective condition – it’s a concern people have with respect to the objective condition. When it comes to abortion, this subjective condition implies the distress caused by the pregnancy, the fact that a woman must carry the pregnancy to full term or terminate it on demand.